Brazil | Local residents pushing to convert Lagoa do Peixe NP to multiple-use area
Ocean, rivers and lakes have shaped the landscape in Lagoa do Peixe National Park, Southern Brazil. Over 36,000 hectares showcase a patchwork of unique landscapes; from freshwater and salt lagoons to grasslands, floodplains, marshes and sand dunes. The breeze of the Atlantic Ocean welcomes tens of thousands of migratory birds every year during their travels between North America and Patagonia.
All through spring become a natural shrimp nursery, fished in summer by a restricted number of nearby villagers, following quotas agreed with the National Park authorities. The ocean currents in winter inundate the land with saltwater, creating unique ecosystems also cherished by shorebirds such as Red Knot Calidris canutus and Buff-breasted Sandpiper Calidris subruficollis (both Near Threatened). The latter travel all the way from the tip of Siberia and Alaska to the fields surrounding Lagoa do Peixe, their favourite wintering area along with a couple others in Uruguay and Argentina. Researchers found they spend 150-200 days in the Park every year and over 60% return and stay there in following years.